Sustainability of transport system: Case study of Greater Mumbai

  • Shikha Juyal NITI Aayog (erstwhile Planning Commission), Government of India, India
  • Sudhakar Yedla Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

Abstract

Sustainable transport is about taking holistic approach by considering economic, society and environment along with the mobility and accessibility requirement of people.  In case of Greater Mumbai, there is presence of inequity in provision of transport infrastructure and service. The first part of paper arrives at sustainability indicator by means of compounded economic, social & demographic, land use and transport access indicators. The second part of paper measures the extent of sustainability in various wards of Greater Mumbai.  It was important to study the extent of sustainability by measuring the gap between sustainability & HDI indicator and sustainability & transport access indicator. In terms of transport access, the gap between transport access indicator and sustainability indicator is present in most of the wards of Greater Mumbai. The overall result proves that there is urgent need to address the provision of transport access in most of the wards of Greater Mumbai. Purpose: The main purpose of this paper is to arrive at sustainability indicator and to measures the extent of sustainability in various wards of Greater Mumbai in transport. Methodology: The paper arrives at sustainability indicator by developing compounded economic, social and demographic, land use and transport access indicators. In order to calculate economic, social & demographic, land-use and transport access indicator considered normalized value of each indicators derived from maximum point normalization across all wards. Finally equal weighted average of all indicators was taken to calculate the overall sustainability indicator. To measure the extent of sustainability in various wards of Greater Mumbai was done by comparing aggregate sustainable indicator with HDI indicator and transport access indicator. Result: The overall result proves that there is urgent need to address the provision of transport access in most of the wards of Greater Mumbai. The theoretical contribution: This paper arrives at sustainability indicator by compiling economic, social and demographic, land use and transport access indicators. Practical implications: This paper calculates ward level sustainability in Greater Mumbai and identifies the need to make provision of different transport infrastructure.

Published
Nov 16, 2020
How to Cite
JUYAL, Shikha; YEDLA, Sudhakar. Sustainability of transport system: Case study of Greater Mumbai. Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 153-167, nov. 2020. ISSN 2520-2979. Available at: <https://jsdtl.sciview.net/index.php/jsdtl/article/view/108>. Date accessed: 24 nov. 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14254/jsdtl.2020.5-2.14.
Section
Articles