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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • DECLARATION OF ORIGINALITY:

    I confirm that the submitted article has not been previously published (including publishing in publicly available working papers).

    I confirm that the paper has not been submitted to another journal for consideration, nor will it be submitted to another journal until the decision of the editorial board of the JSDTL. Otherwise, this submission's Author(s) will be put on the blacklist, preventing any submission in the future.

    I know the article will be subjected to plagiarism verification with the application of the Crossref Similarity Check powered by iThenticate and/or other software. Suppose the system detects the unacceptable similarity index level of the text with other texts in various databases. In that case, the editorial board of the JSDTL will refuse to proceed with this article. In the case of confirmation of significant plagiarism, the editorial board will notify the authors’ affiliated institutions.
  • FORMAL EDITORIAL STANDARDS:
    The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
    I confirm that I have carefully read the Instructions for authors and have considered all the journal's requirements and recommendations.
    I confirm that the COPE recommendations for authors have been followed (https://publicationethics.org/resources/resources-and-further-reading/international-standards-editors-and-authors).
    Furthermore, I confirm that the full names and surnames of the authors, ORCID numbers, affiliations, and e-mail addresses were provided on the article's first page and will be provided in the OJS system. The keywords and JEL: Subject classification according to EconLit Subject Descriptors are included.
    The submitted article provides a structured abstract with the required main parts.
    The structure of the paper is up to the required standards, with the checklist available in the template. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Instruction for authors and template of the journal, especially the APA referencing style, where available, DOI numbers for the references have been provided. The file must be submitted in Microsoft Word (*.docx - preferred) document file format.
    All figures and tables meet the requirements specified in the Instructions for Authors, their quality is sufficient, they can be edited or reproduced. The editable source files for all graphics in the article are submitted.
  • REQUIRED DOCUMENTS:

    I confirm that I have prepared for submission:

    1) article with full information on authors prepared in the template – give the following name for the file: article_with_names

    2) article in the anonymous form for reviewing with deleted all the information that can enable to specify the authorship of the article (names and acknowledgments information on the grants and financing, which can enable to verify the authorship of the article, must be deleted). Give the following name for the file: article_anonymous_for_reviewer
  • THE PROPOSAL OF 4 INDEPENDENT REVIEWERS:
    provide the following information:
    Names and Surname of the reviewer:
    Affiliation:
    Reviewer’s ORCID:
    e-mail:
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Instructions for Authors

The authors shall follow the international standards stated in the COPE document: Responsible research publication: International standards for authors.

COPE: International standards for editors and authors

Below are instructions for submitting original manuscripts and revisions to the Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics (JSDTL). If you have any questions, please contact the editorial office at submit.jsdtl@sciview.net.

Table of Contents

Initial Submission

Manuscript Submission Guidelines

The JSDTL values the efforts made by authors to prepare their manuscripts for publication and accepts articles in any format.

The only requirements for the text are as follows:

1. It is required that articles be blinded, meaning that they should not include information about the authors, their affiliations, or any disclosures/conflicts of interest.
2. Abstracts are necessary for certain article types and must be provided accordingly. Please see below to determine if your article requires an abstract.
3. It is important that the word count of your article falls within the prescribed limits, which will be provided below. Please note that the word count should not include the abstract, references, tables, or figure legends.
4. References only in APA style.

If submitting a new version of a previously rejected paper, authors should include the original article number and a detailed explanation in the cover letter.

Correspondence

Correspondence regarding the manuscript will be directed to the author who submits it, who will serve as the contact author throughout the entire publishing process. At the time of submission, the corresponding author must verify that all authors meet the authorship criteria and have reviewed and approved the manuscript. After the final revision of the manuscript has been accepted, the senior author must sign a Publication Agreement (refer to "Copyright").

Manuscripts

The JSDTL only considers manuscripts that meet certain criteria, including not having assigned copyright elsewhere, not being duplicates of previously published material, and not being under simultaneous consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts based on preprint servers are accepted. If the manuscript is based on or cites an article that is in press, a copy of that article must be included.

Abstracts should be limited to 250 words, stating the research question, methods used, results, and conclusions for original articles. For opinion pieces, a summary of the arguments should be included.

Citations, figures, and tables should not be included in the abstract, but study year(s), location, and population should be included if applicable.

Lengthy tables should be avoided.

The editorial board may request that authors shorten their papers further.

Authorship

The International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) has established criteria to determine authorship credit, which includes making substantial contributions to the conception, design, data acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data, drafting or critically revising the article, and giving final approval of the version to be published. All authors must meet these conditions, and each author must confirm their participation in the work and take public responsibility for its content. The names of authors and their contributions should be listed in OJS Submission System and detailed in the cover letter, but should not appear in the blinded manuscript. When responding to invited commentaries or letter replies, the lead authors are responsible for contacting all authors of the original paper to confirm their interest in being included in the reply.

COPE: Authorship and Contributorship

https://publicationethics.org/authorship

Authorship and AI Tools (2023)

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) has released a new position statement regarding the use of AI tools, including ChatGPT, in authorship of academic papers. The statement asserts that AI tools should not be considered as authors of a paper, as they cannot take responsibility for the content submitted, and their usage must be fully disclosed to ensure transparency.

COPE Position Statement (2023) - (https://publicationethics.org/cope-position-statements/ai-author)

"AI tools cannot meet the requirements for authorship as they cannot take responsibility for the submitted work. As non-legal entities, they cannot assert the presence or absence of conflicts of interest nor manage copyright and license agreements.

Authors who use AI tools in the writing of a manuscript, production of images or graphical elements of the paper, or in the collection and analysis of data, must be transparent in disclosing in the Materials and Methods (or similar section) of the paper how the AI tool was used and which tool was used. Authors are fully responsible for the content of their manuscript, even those parts produced by an AI tool, and are thus liable for any breach of publication ethics."

COPE | Artificial Intelligence in the News (2023)

https://publicationethics.org/news/artificial-intelligence-news

Conflicts of Interest

Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics requires all authors, editors, members and reviewers to disclose any conflicts of interest that may be inherent in the submissions. Financial relationships, personal relationships, academic relationship, intellectual passion, etc., are usually considered to be the most important conflicts of interest. Such arrangements must be disclosed where there is any risk of a perception of compromise. The policy of the journal is that the judgment or decision taken on the submitted manuscript should not be compromised or affected by any conflict of interest. The corresponding author must ensure that all authors have been asked to disclose any conflict of interest. Reviewers must disqualify themselves from reviewing the specific manuscript if they believe that they are involved in any conflict of interest. If a potential bias exists, editors and editorial staff should withdraw themselves from handling the paper.

When a conflict of interest is disclosed either by the author or editor, a footnote describing the conflict must be included with the published article. All sources of funding must be disclosed at the end of the main text under a separate heading ‘Funding’. Authors, referees, or editors who have deliberately or recklessly failed to disclose conflicts of interest may receive sanctions, including being banned from publishing in the Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics for a period of time.

Editors, authors, and peer reviewers have a responsibility to disclose interests that might appear to affect their ability to present or review data objectively. These include relevant financial (for example, patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fees), personal, political, intellectual, or religious interests. The editors of JSDTL require statements about conflicts of interest from authors. Editors should explain that these statements should provide information about financial (for example, patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fees), personal, political, intellectual, or religious interests relevant to the area of research or discussion.

Crossref Funding Data Registry

The Crossref Funding Data Registry is a database that provides information about research funding sources. When submitting a manuscript, authors are encouraged to include information about the funding sources that supported their research in the manuscript metadata. This information is then made available through the Crossref Funding Data Registry, which aims to increase transparency and facilitate the discovery of research funding sources.

Multipart Papers

The JSDTL has a strong policy discouraging the submission of multipart papers. In case such papers are submitted, they should be structured in a way that allows different parts to be assigned to different editorial board members and outside expert reviewers for evaluation.

Language Editing

Submitted papers should be written in good English. Authors may use SciView's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions. If you use an alternative service that provides a confirmation certificate, please send a copy to the Editorial Office. Authors from economically developing countries or nations should consider registration with AuthorAid (https://www.authoraid.info/en/). AuthorAid is a free pioneering global network that provides support, mentoring, resources, and training for researchers in low and middle-income countries (https://www.authoraid.info/en/about/).

If English is not your first language, you have the option to have your manuscript language-edited to ensure that its academic content is fully understandable by journal editors and reviewers. Please note that language editing is not a guarantee of acceptance for publication.

Writing in English (Springer Nature Resources) - https://t.ly/7Dw0

Revisions

When you receive feedback from the reviewers and editors, you may need to revise your manuscript to address their comments and concerns. You should carefully review the feedback and make the necessary revisions to improve the clarity, accuracy, and quality of your paper. Once you have made the revisions, you should resubmit your manuscript along with a detailed cover letter explaining the changes you made in response to the feedback. The reviewers and editors will evaluate your revisions and determine if your manuscript is now suitable for publication in the JSDTL.

Acceptance

After the editor(s) handling your paper have reviewed it and determined that it is suitable for publication in the JSDTL, it will be moved to the "accept with technical review" phase. At this stage, the editorial office will provide you with a customized list of changes that must be made to the text, tables, figures before the paper can be finally accepted. Although the paper is not yet published, you may consider it "in production" for citation purposes.

Text Guidelines

Use the APA Style, 6th Edition, as a reference guide.

Ensure you use American English spelling and follow either Webster's Third New International Dictionary or Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition, for spelling and word division.

Article Types

Papers. Reports of original research work.

Design notes. Brief contributions on current design, development and application work; not normally more than 2500 words (3 journal pages), including descriptions of apparatus or techniques developed for a specific purpose, important experimental or theoretical points and novel technical solutions to commonly encountered problems.

Rapid communications. Brief, urgent announcements of significant advances or preliminary accounts of new work, not more than 3500 words (4 journal pages). The most important criteria for acceptance of rapid communication are novel and significant. For these articles authors must state briefly, in a covering letter, exactly why their works merit rapid publication.

Review articles. These are intended to summarize accepted practice and report on recent progress in selected areas. Such articles are generally commissioned from experts in various fields by the Editorial Board, but others wishing to write a review article may submit an outline for preliminary consideration.

References only in APA style.

Template

Title of the Paper

The title of a research paper should effectively capture the purpose, scope, and methods used in the study while also drawing the reader's attention to the research problem.

A working title should be developed early in the research process and used to anchor the focus of the study.

The final title should accurately indicate the subject and scope of the study, use positive language to stimulate reader interest, avoid abbreviations, and use current nomenclature from the field of study.

The title should also identify key variables, be limited to 10-15 substantive words, and avoid constructions such as "study of" or "analysis of."

Subtitles may be used to explain additional context, add substance to a title, qualify the geographic or temporal scope of the research, or focus on investigating the ideas or work of a particular individual.

Title and Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

To improve the visibility of your article and its search engine ranking, there are several uncomplicated techniques that you can apply.

For instance, incorporate a few relevant keywords from your article in the title. However, avoid lengthy titles. To enhance the article's optimization, choose 5-8 keywords that combine generic and specific terms relevant to the topic. It is also advisable to use as many of the selected keywords as possible in the first two sentences of the abstract. Additionally, use some of the keywords in the level 1 headings. These techniques will aid in maximizing your article's discoverability and search engine rankings.

Author/Authors

First author’s Name and Surname

  • Affiliation: Section, Unit, Department; Division; School at the University; University Name; ZIP Code, City and State/Province or Country
  • e-mail: author1@edu.com
  • ORCID 0001-0002-0003-0004
  • phone: +3803522251145

Second author’s Name and Surname

  • Affiliation: Section, Unit, Department; Division; School at the University; University Name; ZIP Code, City and State/Province or Country
  • e-mail: author2@edu.com
  • ORCID 0001-0002-0003-0004
  • phone: +13326888663

Third author’s Name and Surname

  • Affiliation: Section, Unit, Department; Division; School at the University; University Name; ZIP Code, City and State/Province or Country
  • e-mail: author3@edu.com
  • ORCID 0001-0002-0003-0004
  • phone: +13355667799

Corresponding author: author’s name and surname

e-mail: author@edu.com

Abstract

The abstract should be structured as follows:

  • Purpose. The main purpose of the paper should be presented.
  • Methodology. Based on the paper’s type, methodology or theoretical approach should be shortly described.
  • Results. The main results and findings of the research should be presented.
  • The theoretical contribution. The value and implications of the paper to the selected field, perspective or discipline should be indicated.
  • Practical implications (if applicable). This part should be included for research papers and if possible, for theoretical papers as well.

A well-crafted abstract is an essential element of a successful journal article. Here are some key requirements for a cool abstract:

  • Clear and concise: The abstract should be brief and to the point, providing a clear summary of the article's main focus and findings.
  • Accurate: The abstract should accurately reflect the content of the article, without exaggeration or misrepresentation.
  • Informative: The abstract should provide enough information to allow readers to understand the purpose, methods, results, and implications of the research.
  • Engaging: The abstract should be written in a clear and engaging style, using language that is accessible to a general audience.
  • Well-structured: The abstract should follow a clear structure, with separate sections for the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions of the research.
  • Appropriate length: The abstract should be no more than 250 words in length, in line with journal guidelines.
  • No references: The abstract should not contain any references to other articles or sources, as it should be able to stand alone as a summary of the article's content.

By following these requirements, authors can ensure that their abstracts are effective in attracting readers, providing a clear overview of their research, and encouraging readers to read the full article.

Keywords

Keywords: word, word, word (up to 6-7)

Keywords are an important element of an article and help readers find relevant content in search engines and databases. Here are some requirements for writing article keywords:

  • Relevance: The keywords should be relevant to the content of the article and reflect its main themes and topics.
  • Specificity: The keywords should be specific and accurately reflect the content of the article. Avoid using broad terms that are not specific to the article's content.
  • Consistency: Use consistent terminology throughout the article and avoid using synonyms or different variations of the same term as keywords.
  • Length: Keywords should be concise and limited to a maximum of 5-7 terms. Avoid using long phrases or sentences as keywords.
  • Variation: Use a mix of general and specific terms as keywords to improve the article's visibility in search engines and databases.
  • Avoid repetition: Avoid using the same term as both a keyword and in the title or abstract. Use different terms to describe the same concept or idea.
  • Avoid non-relevant terms: Do not use keywords that are not related to the article's content or themes, as this can be misleading for readers and search engines.

1. Introduction

In this part of the paper, the introduction to the issues presented in the paper should be made. Also, the research problem should be pointed put.

Advices

The Introduction section of a research article typically sets the stage for the study, outlines the research question or hypothesis, and provides an overview of the significance and contribution of the research. Here are some general guidelines for writing a strong Introduction:

      1. Start with a broad context: Begin with a brief statement that introduces the research topic and its relevance to the broader field.
      2. Narrow the focus: Provide a more specific background to the study, highlighting key research gaps or controversies that the study seeks to address.
      3. State the research question or hypothesis: Clearly state the research question or hypothesis that the study seeks to answer. This helps to establish the purpose and scope of the research.
      4. Explain the significance of the research: Provide a brief overview of the contribution that the study makes to the field, including how it addresses existing research gaps or controversies.
      5. Provide a brief outline of the study: Give readers an overview of the research design, methodology, and key findings.
      6. Keep it concise: While the Introduction is an important section of the article, it should be kept concise and focused, typically spanning no more than one to two paragraphs.
      7. Use appropriate references: Use relevant and recent references to support your research question or hypothesis and to provide context for your study.

Overall, the Introduction should provide readers with a clear and concise overview of the research question, context, and significance of the study, while also providing an outline of the research design and key findings.

2. Literature review

In the chapter, the author should present the results of the literature review indicating the academic achievements in the field of research and research gaps, pointing to the motivation of the author for undertaking the research (Ciechorska, 1998, p. 30) or (Nowak, 1973; Malinowski, 1980; Kowalski, 1999).

Advices

A literature review is an important section of an article as it provides the context for the research being conducted and helps to establish the current state of knowledge on the topic. The requirements for writing a literature review include:

      1. Identify the scope of the review: Before beginning a literature review, it is important to identify the scope of the review. This involves defining the research question, identifying the key concepts, and determining the time frame for the review.
      2. Conduct a comprehensive search: A literature review requires a comprehensive search of existing literature on the topic. This includes searching electronic databases, online libraries, and other relevant sources.
      3. Select relevant sources: Once a comprehensive search is conducted, the next step is to select relevant sources for the literature review. This involves reading the abstracts, introductions, and conclusions of articles to determine their relevance to the research question.
      4. Analyze the sources: After selecting the relevant sources, the next step is to analyze them. This involves critically evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the articles, identifying key themes and patterns, and synthesizing the information.
      5. Organize the review: A literature review should be organized in a logical and coherent manner. This includes organizing the sources thematically, chronologically, or by methodology.
      6. Provide critical analysis: A literature review should not only summarize the existing research but should also provide critical analysis. This involves identifying gaps in the literature, inconsistencies, and contradictions, and proposing areas for future research.
      7. Use appropriate citation style: It is important to use appropriate citation style when writing a literature review. This includes citing sources in the body of the review and creating a reference list at the end of the article.

Please apply APA bibliographic system: (Wesołowski, 2004; Wesołowski & Rybak, 2004; Wesołowski et al., 2004), (Strategy…, 2011), (From idea …, 2012), (http://www.wz.pb.edu.pl, 27.10.2022).

At direct quotations must be given parties or sources of electronic access date, for example: (Wesołowski, 2004, p. 27), (Wesołowski & Rybak, 2004, pp. 21-22), (Strategy…, 2011, p. 56), (http://www.wz.pb.edu.pl, 27.10.2015).

Avoid using abbreviations – e.g., etc., i.e. They should be replaced by full words: for example, and so on, that is/in other words.

Using the abbreviated name in the text, the author should first give its full version, for example: European Union (EU), customer relationship management (CRM).

3. Research methods

In the chapter, the author should indicate and describe the research methods applied to solve the research problem.

Advices

The requirements for writing the research methods section of an article may vary depending on the field or discipline, but some general guidelines are:

      1. Provide a clear and concise description of the research design, including the type of study (e.g., experimental, observational, case study), sampling methods, and data collection techniques.
      2. Describe the study population, including any inclusion or exclusion criteria, as well as any relevant demographic information.
      3. Explain the procedures used to collect data, including any instruments or measures used, how they were administered, and any steps taken to ensure data quality.
      4. Detail any ethical considerations, including any Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval or informed consent procedures.
      5. Provide a clear and concise description of the data analysis methods, including any statistical tests used and any software or tools used for analysis.
      6. Discuss any limitations or potential sources of bias in the study design or data collection methods.
      7. Consider including a flow diagram or visual representation of the study design and data collection process.

It is important to be clear, concise, and accurate in the research methods section, and to provide enough detail so that the study could be replicated by other researchers. Additionally, it is important to follow any specific guidelines or requirements set forth by the journal or funding agency.

4. Research results

In the chapter, the author should present the obtained research results.

Advices

The requirements for writing the research results section of an article may vary depending on the field and type of research, but some general guidelines include:

      1. Provide a clear and concise summary of the main findings of the research, highlighting the most important results.
      2. Use appropriate visual aids such as tables, graphs, and charts to present the data in an organized and easy-to-understand manner.
      3. Provide enough detail about the methods used to allow other researchers to replicate the study if necessary.
      4. Avoid interpretation of the results at this stage and simply report the findings objectively.
      5. If the research involved statistical analysis, provide the relevant statistics, including measures of central tendency and variability, effect sizes, and statistical significance levels.
      6. Clearly label and number all figures and tables and refer to them in the text.
      7. Avoid duplicating information presented in the tables and figures in the text, but rather use the text to highlight key points and trends.
      8. Use subheadings to break up the section into smaller, more manageable parts.
      9. Use clear and concise language, avoiding jargon or technical terms that may not be familiar to all readers.
      10. Finally, make sure that the results presented support the research questions or hypotheses stated in the introduction section.

In the text the author should refer to each table and figure, for example: (Tab. 1), (Fig. 1), (Fig. 1 and 2).

Charts should be attached as separate files in spreadsheets (MS Excel). Figures and photographs (black and white) in separate files in JPG, GIF or TIFF.

5. Discussion of the Results

In this part of the paper the analysis of the research results should be carried out.

Advices

The discussion section of a research article should include the following requirements:

      1. Interpretation of the results: The author should interpret the research findings and explain how they contribute to the broader field of study.
      2. Comparison with previous studies: The author should compare their results with those of previous studies and explain any differences or similarities.
      3. Limitations: The author should acknowledge the limitations of their study, such as sample size or methodology, and discuss how these limitations may have impacted the results.
      4. Implications: The author should discuss the practical implications of their findings and explain how they may be applied in real-world situations.
      5. Future research: The author should suggest areas for future research and explain how their findings contribute to the development of the research field.
      6. Conclusion: The author should provide a brief summary of the key findings and their implications.

Overall, the discussion section should demonstrate the significance of the research and its contribution to the broader field of study. It should also acknowledge any limitations or potential biases in the research and suggest areas for future research to further advance the field.

6. Conclusions

In the chapter, conclusions from the research and their implications should be presented, for instance:

• from the practical point of view;

• from the scientific point of view, in the context of the literature review.

Advices

The conclusion of an article should:

      1. Summarize the main findings of the research.
      2. Provide an explanation of the significance of the research in the broader context of the field.
      3. Address the research questions or hypotheses stated in the introduction.
      4. Acknowledge any limitations of the study and provide suggestions for future research.
      5. Avoid introducing any new information or arguments that were not previously discussed in the article.

The conclusion should be concise and to the point. It should leave a lasting impression on the reader and effectively communicate the main takeaways of the research.

References

IN APA style (American Psychological Association).

The following are the requirements for formatting citations in APA style:

      1. In-text citations: In-text citations should include the author's last name and the year of publication in parentheses. For example, (Smith, 2021) or (Smith & Jones, 2021).
      2. Quotations: Quotations should be enclosed in double quotation marks and the page number(s) should be included in the citation. For example, "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (Smith, 2021, p. 14).
      3. Multiple authors: When citing a work with multiple authors, use the last names of all authors in the first citation. In subsequent citations, use the first author's last name followed by "et al." For example, (Smith, Jones, & Brown, 2021) and in subsequent citations, (Smith et al., 2021).
      4. Reference list: The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order by the authors' last names. The first line of each entry should be flush with the left margin, and subsequent lines should be indented.
      5. Book citations: For books, the citation should include the author(s), year of publication, title of the book, and publisher. For example, Smith, J. (2021). A guide to APA style. Oxford University Press.
      6. Journal article citations: For journal articles, the citation should include the author(s), year of publication, title of the article, name of the journal, volume number, and page numbers. For example, Jones, M. (2021). The impact of social media on mental health. Journal of Psychology, 25(1), 32-45. https://doi.org/10123.xxxxxxxxx
      7. Online sources: For online sources, the citation should include the author(s), year of publication, title of the article or webpage, the name of the website or database, and the URL. For example, Smith, J. (2021). The effects of climate change. National Geographic. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/climate-change/.

It's important to note that there are many nuances to formatting citations in APA style, and it's always a good idea to consult the official APA style manual for specific guidance.

The literature referred to in an article should be relevant and up-to-date. It should be obtained from reputable and reliable sources such as peer-reviewed journals, books, and academic publications. The literature should also be appropriately cited in the text and in the reference list, following the specific citation style guidelines used by the journal. The references should be organized in alphabetical order by the author's last name and should include complete publication information such as title, author(s), publication date, volume, issue, page numbers, and DOI (Digital Object Identifier) or URL (Uniform Resource Locator) if available. It is important to use a variety of sources to support the argument, and to avoid excessive self-citation. Additionally, the literature should be critically evaluated and analyzed, highlighting its relevance and contribution to the study being presented.

Quick Guide to APA Citation (6th ed.) | In-Text Citation & Reference List (https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/6th-edition/)

Examples - https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples

APA citation generator

https://www.scribbr.com/apa-citation-generator/

Examples of Reference Style

Standard journal article

Vovk, Y. (2016). Resource-efficient intelligent transportation systems as a basis for sustainable development. Overview of initiatives and strategies. Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics1(1), 6–10. https://doi.org/10.14254/jsdtl.2016.1-1.1

Mishkin, F. S. (2011). Over the Cliff: From the subprime to the global financial crisis. Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, 25(1), 49-70. https://doi.org/10.12846/j.em.2015.02.06

Kurniawati, N., Werdani, R., & Mege, S. (2020). Development of supply chain management models in rice production to improve food endurance and security in Demak Regency. Economics, Management and Sustainability, 5(2), 103-111. https://doi.org/10.14254/jems.2020.5-2.7

Article with a non–English-language title

Janik, W., & Paździor, M. (2014). Rola podatku dochodowego od osób prawnych w tworzeniu dochodów budżetowych i rozwoju przedsiębiorstw [The role of corporate income tax in the creation of the state revenues and development of enterprises]. Ekonomia i Zarządzanie, 6(3), 53-63. https://doi.org/10.12846/j.em.2014.03.04

Bryła, M., & Maniecka-Bryła, I. (2009). Starzenie się ludności jako wyzwanie dla polityki zdrowotnej [The aging of the population as a challenge for health policy]. Polityka Społeczna, 8, 14-26.

Book

Chodyński, A. (2007a). Wiedza i kompetencje ekologiczne w strategiach rozwoju przedsiębiorstw [Knowledge and ecological competence in the strategies of enterprises development]. Warszawa, Poland: Centrum Doradztwa Informacji, Difin.

Chodyński, A. (2007b). Strategiczna karta wyników (balanced scorecard) w implementacji założeń rozwoju organizacji [Balanced scorecard in the implementation of the objectives of organization development]. Kraków, Poland: Krakowskie Towarzystwo Edukacyjne.

Ostasiewicz, S., Rusnak, Z., & Siedlecka, U. (2001). Statystyka. Elementy teorii i zadania [Statistics. Elements of the theory and tasks]. Place of publishing: Publisher Name.

Chapter in a Book

Richards, K. C. (1997). Views on globalization. In H. L. Vivaldi (Ed.), Australia in a global world (pp. 29-43). North Ryde, Australia: Century.

Haus, B., Jagoda, H., & Lichtarski, J. (2005). Współpraca przedsiębiorstwa z innymi podmiotami gospodarczymi [Company cooperation with other economic entities]. In J. Lichtarski (Ed.), Podstawy nauki o przedsiębiorstwie [Science basis about the company], (pp. 58-68). Place of publishing: Publisher Name.

Nazarko, J. (Ed.). (2005). Prognozowanie w zarządzaniu przedsiębiorstwem, cz. 3. Prognozowanie na podstawie modeli adaptacyjnych [Forecasting in business management, part 3. Forecasting based on adaptive models]. Place of publishing: Publisher Name.

Web page/Website

Martowska, K. (2012). Psychologiczne uwarunkowania kompetencji społecznych [Psychological conditions of social competence]. Warszawa, Poland: Liberi Libri. Retrieved from https://liberilibri.pl/sites/default/files/Martowska_2012.pdf

Darby, A. (2002, August 20). Rarest tiger skin a rugged survivor. Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from https://www.smh.com.au

Maw, M. (2010). NURS5082 Developing nursing practice, lecture 2, week 1: Healthcare-associated infections and their prevention [Lecture PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://learn-on-line.ce.usyd.edu.au/

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. (2008). Families in Australia: 2008. Retrieved from https://www.dpmc.gov.au/publications/families/index.cfm#contact

Ministerstwo Rozwoju Regionalnego [The Ministry of Regional Development]. (2012). Strategia Rozwoju Kraju Polska 2020 [National Development Strategy Poland 2020]. Retrieved from https://www.mrr.gov.pl/rozwoj_regionalny

Urząd Miasta Białegostoku [Office of the City of Bialystok]. (2011). Strategia Rozwoju Miasta Białegostoku na lata 2011-2020 plus [The Bialystok City Development Strategy for years 2011-2020 Plus]. Retrieved from https://www.bialystok.pl/pliki/Strategia_Rozwoju_Miasta_Białegostoku.pdf

Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use 2001 (EU).

Prawo energetyczne [Energy law] 2006 (PL).

Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW) s. 8.1 (Austl.).

Author information

Name Surname

Section, Unit, Department; Division; School at the University; University Name; ZIP Code, City and State/Province or Country

Postal address

e-mail address

Figures and Tables

Figures

Do not include figures in the main manuscript file. Each figure must be prepared and submitted as an individual file.

Cite figures in ascending numeric order upon first appearance in the manuscript file.

Figure captions

Figure captions must be inserted in the text of the manuscript, immediately following the paragraph in which the figure is first cited (read order). Do not include captions as part of the figure files themselves or submit them in a separate document.

At a minimum, include the following in your figure captions:

A figure label with Arabic numerals, and “Figure” abbreviated to “Fig” (e.g. Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, etc). Match the label of your figure with the name of the file uploaded at submission (e.g. a figure citation of “Fig. 1” must refer to a figure file named “Fig1.tif”).

A concise, descriptive title.

The caption may also include a legend as needed.

Figures should be prepared according to the example (Fig. 1 and 2).

Figure 1: Title of the picture [%%]

Source: author’s elaboration on the basis of (http://www.wz.pb.edu.pl, 27.10.2015).

Figure 2: Title of the picture [%%]

Source: (http://www.wz.pb.edu.pl, 27.10.2015).

Technical Requirements for Figures and Drawings

Acceptable Figure File Formats. At submission, the following file formats are acceptable: AI, BMP, DOC, EMF, EPS, JPG, PDF, PPT, PSD, TIF, WMF, or XLS. Figures may be embedded at the end of the manuscript text file or loaded as separate files for submission purposes.

For Line Illustration:

Required Resolution: 1200 ppi or higher

Typical File Size: 200kb - 5MB

Acceptable File Formats: TIF, EPS, BMP, PDF, JPG, AI

For Photo/Color Illustration:

Required Resolution: 300 ppi or higher.

Typical File Size: 800kb - 5MB

Acceptable File Formats: TIF, EPS, PSD, PDF, JPG

For Combination (halftone with text, graph and/or line art):

Required Resolution: 600 ppi or higher.

Typical File Size: 1MB - 5MB

Acceptable File Formats: TIF, EPS, PSD, PDF, JPG, AI

For Graph/Diagram:

Required Resolution: 72 ppi or higher

Typical File Size: 15kb - 800kb

Acceptable File Formats: Any readable resolution and file format. These are redrawn in-house.

Tables

Cite tables in ascending numeric order upon first appearance in the manuscript file. Place each table in your manuscript file directly after the paragraph in which it is first cited (read order). Do not submit your tables in separate files. Tables require a label (e.g., “Table 1”) and brief descriptive title to be placed above the table. Place legends, footnotes, and other text below the table.

Tables should be prepared according to the example (Tab. 1).

Table 1: Title of the table

Source: author’s elaboration on the basis of (Kiryluk, 2005, p. 60).

Resources for Authors

Author Academy by Springer (https://www.springer.com/us/authors-editors/authorandreviewertutorials)

APA style website (https://apastyle.apa.org/) https://apastyle.apa.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references

Blog on APA style (https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/apa-style-blog-6th-edition-archive.html)

Search DOI: Simple Text Query (https://apps.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery)

Reference Managers: Zotero (https://www.zotero.org/), EndNote (https://endnote.com/), Mendeley (https://www.mendeley.com/)

Smart Diagram Software: Lucidchart (https://www.lucidchart.com)

Data Presentation: The R Graph Gallery (https://www.r-graph-gallery.com/)

Additional Information

Copyright

Authors retain copyright to their work and are asked to grant the Centre of Sociological Research, Szczecin, Poland the right to publish the article as the final, definitive and citable Version of Scholarly Record. In turn, we will make the article freely available on our online platform with no subscription fee, article pay-to-view fee or any other form of the access fee and with no publication embargo. We use the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license on articles published in the SciView Series. Authors retain copyright and allow anyone else to distribute, remix and build upon their work; commercial re-use is allowed. Anyone doing so must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that the authors endorse them or their use of the work).

Transfer of Copyright Agreement (download)

Contribution File (download)

For anyone wishing to re-use an author's work, we require:

      • the full article citation (as indicated in the PDF of each article) to be included, unchanged, with the re-used article or derivative work
      • for the original license terms to be made clear and that the work is previously published in an open access journal and freely available
      • for the DOI of the version of record to be included
      • For more information on the Creative Commons Attribution licenses, look at the human-readable summary or the full legal code.

Plagiarism and copyright

JSDTL editors and readers have a right to expect that submitted work is the author's own, that it has not been plagiarized (i.e. taken from other authors without permission, if permission is required) and that copyright has not been breached (for example, if figures or tables are reproduced). We ask authors to declare that the work reported is their own and that they are the copyright owner. Papers are revised with Similarity Check to avoid plagiarism. In case of plagiarism, the author could state the situation through the e-mail: editor.jsdtl@sciview.net.

Protecting intellectual property

JSDTL authors have a right to protect their intellectual property. JSDTL licenses content from authors, they have the copyright of their papers. The authors may transfer the copyright from their papers to the editors of JSDTL.

Peer reviewer conduct and intellectual property

Authors are entitled to expect that peer reviewers or other individuals privy to the work an author submits to JSDTL will not steal their research ideas or plagiarize their work. JSDTL explains to peer reviewers that material is confidential until it has not been published. Editors of JSDTL protect peer reviewers from authors and, even if peer reviewer identities are revealed, should discourage authors from contacting peer reviewers directly, especially if misconduct is suspected.

Proofs

After submission, authors will receive an email containing a link to download the proofs of their manuscript. The authors should carefully read the proofs, make necessary corrections, and upload the corrected proofs to the journal's website within 2 working days of receipt. If there are multiple files, such as corrected figures or web materials, authors should combine them into a single zip file before uploading along with the proof.

Open Access Policy

Open access is an ongoing publication practice that differs from traditional methods of publishing papers to the public get submitted, reviewed, authenticated and finally published. In the Open Access publication model, neither readers nor a reader's institution is charged for access to articles or other resources. Users are free to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles without requiring a subscription to the journal in which these articles are published.

For more information about open access, please check the following pages,

Budapest Open Access Initiative

https://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read/

Wikipedia – Open access

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access

DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals

http://www.doaj.org/

Preprints

Authors are permitted to share the original version of their article on their personal website, employer website, or free public servers related to their field before it is accepted for publication.

Code of Ethics

The Code of Ethics is a set of guidelines that researchers and authors must follow when submitting articles to academic journals. The purpose of the code is to ensure that articles are produced in a way that is ethical, honest, and transparent. The code covers a range of topics, including authorship, plagiarism, data manipulation, and conflicts of interest. It is important that researchers and authors adhere to these guidelines to ensure the integrity and quality of academic research.

The purpose of a code of ethics is to provide a framework for responsible and ethical behavior in academic publishing. This includes issues related to authorship, plagiarism, data falsification, conflicts of interest, and ethical considerations in human and animal research.

Authorship is a particularly important issue in academic publishing. A code of ethics typically outlines the criteria for authorship, which include making substantial contributions to the research, participating in the writing of the manuscript, and approving the final version of the manuscript. The code of ethics also typically requires that all authors disclose any conflicts of interest that could potentially influence their research or the publication of their findings.

Plagiarism and data falsification are also serious ethical concerns in academic publishing. A code of ethics typically requires authors to cite their sources appropriately and to ensure that their research is based on accurate and reliable data. Editors and reviewers are also expected to identify and report any instances of plagiarism or data falsification.

In addition, a code of ethics may address ethical considerations related to human and animal research. This may include issues related to informed consent, confidentiality, and the use of animals in research.

Ethical considerations related to human and animal research are crucial to ensure that research is conducted in a responsible and humane manner. For human research, the ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, and justice must be followed. This means that individuals must have the right to make their own decisions about participating in research, that the research must be designed to maximize benefits and minimize harm to participants, and that research must be conducted fairly and equitably.

Human research must also obtain informed consent from participants, which means that they are fully informed about the study and have given their voluntary agreement to participate. Privacy and confidentiality must also be maintained, and research must be reviewed and approved by an institutional review board (IRB) or ethics committee.

For animal research, ethical considerations include the principles of replacement, reduction, and refinement. This means that alternative methods to animal research should be used wherever possible, the number of animals used should be minimized, and procedures should be designed to minimize pain and distress.

Animal research must also follow strict guidelines and regulations, such as the Animal Welfare Act and the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Animal research must be reviewed and approved by an institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC) before it can be conducted.

Author Self-Archiving/Public Access Policy

This policy outlines the options available to authors of SciView journal for self-archiving their work on their personal or institutional websites, as well as other repositories.

Abstract, Accepted Manuscript, Published Manuscript and Citation information

Authors may reuse the Abstract, Accepted Manuscript, Published Manuscript and Citation information (e.g. Title, Author name, Publication dates) of their article anywhere at any time including social media such as ResearchGate, Facebook, blogs and Twitter, providing that where possible a link is included back to the article on the JSDTL site. Preferably the link should be, or include, the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) which can be found in the Citation information about your article online.