An Assessment of pedestrian infrastructures of road transport: A case study of Jimma Town

Tarekegn Reta Mesfin (1) , Tolossa Jote Denbi (2)
(1) Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Assosa University, Assosa, 5220, Ethiopia , Ethiopia
(2) Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Assosa University, Assosa, 5220, Ethiopia , Ethiopia


Pedestrian infrastructures are a critical part of the sustainable transportation system of a city across the world. The key risks to pedestrians are well documented, including infrastructure in terms of the lack of dedicated pedestrian facilities, such as sidewalks, crossings, and raised medians. This paper aimed to assess pedestrian infrastructures of the road transport system in Jimma city. The P-index (Pedestrian-index) method was used to evaluate pedestrian infrastructures, computed with the formula containing the four pedestrian indicators: mobility, safety, pedestrian facility, and accessibility indicator. For this method, sixteen road segments were selected. The result of the mobility indicator shows that the star rating obtained was two stars, which means impaired mobility for the pedestrian. For safety, a 1-star of star-rating was obtained, indicating that the road segments were very unsafe. For the facility indicator, the star-rating value was 2-star which shows inadequate pedestrian facility. For the accessibility indicator, two star-rating was obtained, meaning there was poor accessibility to land uses by walking. Overall P-index value has got a 2-star rating that, which indicates that the existing roads were unfavorable to a pedestrian walking.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Abley, S. (2005). Walkability scoping paper. Christchurch 8030, New Zealand
Bader, M. D. M., Purciel, M., Yousefzadeh, P., & Neckerman, K. M. (2010). Disparities in neighborhood food environments: Implications of measurement strategies. Economic Geography, 86(4), 409-430.
Cervero, R., & Duncan, M. (2003). Walking, bicycling, and urban landscapes: evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1478-1483.
Chen, L., Chen, C., & Ewing, R. (2011). National Association of City Transportation Officials. Retrieved from
Egis International in association with IAU-IdF and UrbaLyon, NDP Report of Becho Bore, Jimma, April 2016.
Ethiopian Roads Authority. (2013). Geometric design manual. Addiss Ababa, Ethiopia.
Ethiopian Transport Authority. (2016). Total number of vehicles registered 2016.
Ewing, R., Handy, S., Brownson, R. C., Clemente, O., & Winston, E. (2006). Identifying and measuring urban design qualities related to walkability. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3(1), 223-240.
Ghani, N. A., Shimizu, T., & Mokhtar, S. (2015). Assessment of pedestrian facilities in Malacca world heritage site, Malaysia using p-index method. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 11, 1535-1554.
Kelly, C. E., Tight, M. R., Hodgson, F. C., & Page, M. W. (2010). A comparison of three methods for assessing the walkability of the pedestrian environment. Journal of Transport Geography, 8(1), 1016-1024.
Larsen, K., & Gilliland, J. (2008). Mapping the evolution of 'food deserts' in a Canadian city: Supermarket accessibility in London, Ontario, 1961–2005. International Journal of Health Geographic, 7(1), 16.
Leather, J., Fabian, H., Gota, S., & Mejia, A. (2011). Wakability and pedestrian facilities in Asian cities. ADB Sustainable Development Working Paper Series. Metro Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank.
Litman, T. (2003a). Economic value of walkability. Transportation Research Record, 10(1), 3-11.
Marshall, W. E., & Garrick, N. W. (2010). Street Network Types and Road Safety: A Study of 24 California Cities. Urban Design International, 15, 133-147.
Moudon, A.V., Lee, C., Cheadle, A.D., Garvin, C., Johnson, D., Schmid, T.L., Weathers, R.D., & Lin, L. (2006). Operational definitions of walkable neighborhood: Theoretical and empirical insights. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3(1), 99-117.
Nabila, A.G., Zaly Shah, M., & Safizahanin, M. (2013). Incorporating pedestrian index into Google maps. Journal of Malaysian Institute of Planners, 2(1), 19-33.
Refaat, M., & Kafafy, N. (2014). Approaches and lessons for enhancing walkability in cities: A landscape and conceptual solution for Talaat Harb Street, Cairo. International Journal of Education and Research, 2(6), 301-322.
Retting, R. A., Ferguson, S. A., & McCartt, A. T. (2003). A review of evidence-based traffic engineering measures designed to reduce pedestrian–motor vehicle crashes. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1456-1463.
Tilahun, N., & Li, M. (2015). Walking access to transit stations: Evaluating barriers with stated preference. Transportation research record, 2534(1), 16-23.


Tarekegn Reta Mesfin (Primary Contact)
Tolossa Jote Denbi
Mesfin, T. R., & Denbi, T. J. (2022). An Assessment of pedestrian infrastructures of road transport: A case study of Jimma Town. Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics, 7(2), 41–52.

Article Details

No Related Submission Found